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1.The concept of Five Year Plans in India was introduced by
A. Lord Mountbatten
B. Jawaharlal Nehru
C. Indira Gandhi
D. Lal Bahadur Shastri
Correct Answer is:b
Explanation:The first Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru presented the first five-year plan to the Parliament of India on December 8, 1951.This plan was based on the Harrod-Domar model. The plan addressed, mainly, the agrarian sector, including investments in dams and irrigation.
Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas George Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma was a British statesman and naval officer, an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and cousin (strictly, second cousin once removed) to Elizabeth II. He was the last Viceroy of India (1947) and the first Governor-General of the independent Union of India (1947–48), from which the modern Republic of India emerged in 1950.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was an Indian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms (1966–77) and a fourth term (1980–84). Gandhi was the second female head of government in the world after Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka, and she remains as the world's second longest serving female Prime Minister as of 2012. She was the first woman to become prime minister in India.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of the Republic of India and a leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement. Shastri joined the Indian independence movement in the 1920s.
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